Simply heavenly, adventurous India trekking. Tucked away in the far northwest of the Indian Himalaya, Zanskar and Ladakh are
ancient Tibetan kingdoms hushed every year by the winter; summer is a
time of warmth and joy as the barley that is their life ripens and the
high desert is splashed with the vivid green of their oasis-like villages. The
chortens are whitewashed again, the five-coloured prayer flags flutter against the
cerulean sky, and with the winter snow melting,
the tinkle of azure water is everywhere.
Beginning in Leh with time to unwind we then take one of the most scenic road journeys there is, the Leh-Manali highway to begin our Zanskar trek. Meeting our
crew and horse team, we cross the still melting snows of the demanding Shingo La into Buddhist
Zanskar to traverse at the best time, the end of spring. For most trekkers the breathtakingly set Phuktal Gompa is a side trip, for us though,
it is where we leave the well trodden trail for remote Shade village and a
series of peaceful camps, dramatic canyons and expansive passes to Zangla, having neatly avoided the road to this point.
After a brief resupply we again head into a remote valley, our unique and adventurous Bear Valley alternative before ending our trek over the Sengge La, or Snow Lion pass.
This Zanskar adventure trek is a visual feast, every single day has jaw-dropping, expansive panoramas. The sublime colours and textures have to be experienced to be believed and surely this is one of the very most scenic landscape treks there is on the planet.
We have trekked Zanskar many times and feel
privileged to introduce this very special place to trekkers one last time.
+ Zanskar's sublime landscapes
+ adventurous Zanskar traverse route
+ crossing the main Himalayan range
+ traditional Zanskari villages
+ legendary Phuktal Gompa
+ Buddhist monasteries & ancient forts
+ idyllic campsites
+ dramatic gorges and canyons
+ glorious mix of villages and remote area trekking
Or have a day in Leh for cleaning up, shopping and relaxing and leave tomorrow.
Day 26 - optional departure
From Zangla, Day 17, we have a choice of two routes, our special adventurous "Bear Valley" route, and the hotter but classic route through Lingshed. We prefer the Bear Valley route but if the trail is broken then we can switch to the Lingshed route. The number of days taken is the same.
21 day option
It is also possible to drive back to Leh from Zangla, but over three days, which is why we don't push this option. The drive is adventurous and stunningly scenic but the roads are winding and rough, unsealed to Kargil.
17 - trek Zangla camp 3600m
18 - drive Rangdum
A half day drive, staying near and visiting the strikingly set Rangdum Gompa.
19 - drive Lamayuru
This is a full day's drive to another gompa highlight of the region.
20 - drive Leh
Leh is around a 5 hour drive away.
Day 21 - trip end
The Shingo La early in the season - Jamie McGuinness
To see the detailed itinerary and more photos use a laptop/desktop browser or tablet in landscape (and hit refresh).
Coolness! Here is a best of the 2013 Zanskar Traverse gallery to flick through. See Jamie's Flickr for more pix.
Click the photo to go to Flickr or use the arrow keys to see them here within this page.
We plan to follow the itinerary however roads wash
out, or are extended, occasionally people get sick, logistical challenges arise,
or we hear of a better campsite, and so
we will adapt it as needed.
(Day 0 - arrive Delhi / early Leh arrival)
We spend three nights in Leh, so reasonable acclimatization to the
3480m/11,415ft altitude but if you are new
to altitude or to Leh, perhaps plan to arrive one day early and we will
arrange transfers and hotel and show you around.
Included in all our Ladakh treks are a couple of sightseeing trips, with or
without a cultural guide (your choice) and it is your choice of where to go;
many people joining are previous trekkers so have seen some places previously.
If you are more ambitious we can also help you arrange a day or overnight trip
to Alchi (~3100m) and Basgo Gompas or further afield Lamayuru (~3500m), a day rafting trip on the Zanskar River or or hammer down the Khardung La on a mountain bike (best a few days into your Leh
sojourn). If you have been working flat out you are welcome to just relax, kick
back and de-stress too, and adjust a little more slowly to the time zone change.
Sophie admires the mural at Basgo - Jamie
Day 1 - meet in Leh 3480m
Phew, after a long series of flights, you are here! Look for a Project Himalaya sign or a simple sign with your
name on it at the airport, and our wonderful drivers Ang Chuk or Pasang will pick you up.
Jamie meets you at the hotel on your arrival and we discuss altitude health over
tea/coffee or breakfast and introduce Leh (if you are a first timer) and show you the better places
to eat. Most people crash out for a few hours and spend the day relaxing; do drink
plenty of fluids which helps the acclimatization process, perhaps pop some vitamins and let your body adjust to the new time zone.
We normally go out to
dinner together, let's meet in the peaceful hotel garden at 6:30pm. We eat at some of our favourite clean (very important!) restaurants: Chopsticks, G Kitchen, Tibet Kitchen, Open Hand and Summer Harvest.
2 - Leh 3480m
This is a day for sightseeing and relaxing. For today perhaps the best plan is to visit some of the world's most revered gompas and
monasteries a short distance from Leh. We will help plan and arrange a jeep, and a local
cultural guide if you like (included). Usually we arrange as a morning trip with lunch at Leh (or Thikse) then
you can relax in the afternoon although we can easily arrange a full day trip.
Choosing where to go is the biggest
challenge as there are so many special places to visit. To the east is Shey, Thikse, Hemis, Chemde, Thagthok, Stakna, Matho and Stok, although don't plan on visiting all of them in one day. Thikse also has a good restaurant for lunch.
Heading west out of Leh are Spituk, Phyang, Nyemo where the Indus meets the Zanskar River, and further afield are Basgo, Likir and Alchi.
We chanced upon this moving ceremony at Matho Gompa - Jamie
3 - Leh 3480m
After gentle sightseeing yesterday we exercise a little more today. In the morning we might wander up to the palace and gompa above Leh, and before dinner, perhaps up to the Peace/Shanti Stupa for a Leh
Tomorrow we stay at ~4000m so at minimum we need three nights here in Leh prior to moving
Leh from Shanti Stupa - Jamie
4 - drive Zanskar Sumdo 3980m
We leave early for a long but stunningly beautiful drive on a road that is
significantly better than it ever was, and in vehicles better than were available, so surprisingly comfortable by Indian standards. For all except the last hour we are on
the Leh-Manali highway so we drive the best of the highway without the worst bit, reveling in some of the most beautiful terrain there is. ...
We camp near the bridge at Zanskar Sumdo which was once our second night's trek, now however the road ends here.
Magnificent scenery and a view of one of our favorite camps on another area, taken from the road - Jamie
Ang Chuk, one of our regular drivers, with his turbo Scorpio jeep - Jamie
5 - trek Ramjak 4420m
At last we get to stretch our legs with real trekking, even if it is a
shorter day as we gain altitude quickly.
6 - rest Ramjak 4420m
We are still on the southern side of the Himalayan range, so relatively green
and more moist than over the other side. Acclimatization is important and we probably spend a second night here at this suitable altitude, although moving to the next camp is an option. This is a better as an acclimatization day but can also be dropped if everyone is feeling OK and conditions are good. Assuming we do stay, it is a good day to relax and read that book or wander around taking photos.
Ram Lal's hilarious lead mule who loves her red hair, and works better dressed up with bells and the like - Jamie
7 - trek Chumik Nakpo 4600m
This is another short day's trekking as we climb higher in preparation for
crossing the Himalayan pass. Acclimatization is critical; we take that time. Enjoy the
mountain views and if you have the energy there is some exploring possible too.
8 - trek Lhakhang ~4600m via Shingo La ~5095m
We start very early, perhaps 3am, as the horses must cross as early as
possible so that they don't sink in the soft snow. Initially the walking is easy
but higher up the trail will turn to snow and we have to pick our route
carefully. There are several false tops, be warned!
Finally at the real top of
the pass there is a glorious snowy panorama
and we descend into Zanskar, having crossed the Great Himalaya range and the main barrier to Zanskar. We have a few camping spots to choose from, depending on how long the team took over the pass. Regardless, they all have incredible mountain panoramas.
The iconic Gumbaranjon - Jamie
9 - trek Kargyak 4050m
Today is one of my favourite Zanskar trekking days as we descend gently on grassy plains initially with the sheer
Gumbaranjon still in view, always spectacular. Perhaps just before scenic Kargyak we have lunch and camp in a peaceful field a little after the village.
Zanskar camping - Jamie
10 - Trek Karu/Testa 3870m
The coolness of the morning soon dissipates as we descend in the hot summer sun however what a scenic day. The villages, the whitewashed stupas...
Often we have lunch in a local house, and then and a stream-cooled beer at camp.
11 - Trek Phuktal 3820m
Leaving the main Zanskar Valley behind, we trek up this major side valley into an impressive gorge then in time for lunch we cross suspension bridge over to the well cared for campsite and curious hotel of Phuktal. Phuktal Gompa monks will wander through the camp and have a chat as many do speak some English.
Heading up on the good but exposed trail to Phuktal - Jamie
12 - trek Yaytah 4000m
We have another look around this steeply set monastery, perhaps even catch morning prayers. The stunning photos of Phuktal in the 1980's were one of the features that drew me to Ladakh,
and it is still a highlight in a trek that features a highlight virtually every day. Leaving the main Zanskar Valley behind, we are trekking to remoter areas, up the still pumping Tsarap Chu. We camp away from villages for change near the junction of the river we follow tomorrow.
Phuktal Gompa (left top corner) - Jamie
13 - trek Shade 4220m
Another glorious day's trekking (not two hours as the locals once told us!). At our lunch spot, have you ever seen water that crystal-clear?
14 - rest Shade 4220m
This is one of the remotest villages in Ladakh. In 2013 we asked the locals how many
trekkers come through in a season, the first answer was "lots". However asking
further, lots meant perhaps five groups, of which Project Himalaya is usually one
Sadly most of the younger people have left this village, a lack of opportunity and especially a lack of healthcare.
15 - trek stream camp 4280m via Rotang La 4900m, Lar La 4680m
Leaving Shade we take a yak herding route up a side valley, climbing to a pass with ever more expansive views behind us. Over the first pass we normally meet Shade families camped in yak hair tents tending the animals, which are kept out of the village area when there are crops in the fields. Tea in a tent?
Continuing, we drop down to cross the stream and climb again for the second pass of the day, perhaps having a lunch break part way up. We are treated to more stunning panoramas at the top, and thankfully it isn't too far down to our camp by the sparkling stream.
16 - trek Yarinchun 4430m
This is a remote area but there is still a definite trail with never-ending views of the "flame" rocks opposite. We have some steam crossings ahead, carry your river sandals, and don't dawdle too much as the streams rise in the later afternoon. Camp is gorgeous as usual.
17 - trek Zangla Sumdo 3850m
It is another sandals day, although not initially. Leaving camp, the ascent is gentle at first but becomes a steady climb to the top of the Pandang La, 5150m, the highest pass on our trek. The extensive views are glorious, especially out towards the Chacha La and Jumlam route. The price though, after an initial straightforward descent to our lunch spot,
is increasing steep areas and crossings of the steam amid the willows. Great care is required in one section; Lobsang or myself should assess/check out the landslide area first.
18 - trek Zangla camp 3600m
It feels refreshingly remote and simply refreshing too, as we cross the stream repeatedly, making our way down the valley. At a main river junction we see signs of shepherd camps again but don't be lulled by this or the relatively flat nature of the small trail so far.
Now we descend into another adventurous and forbidding but photogenic gorge with perhaps 15 stream crossings before the terrain eases.
Suddenly the valley opens out as we are close to the village of Zangla, only a ridge to traverse up and around to the ridge top palace-gompa. Suddenly we see the huge main Zanskar valley, dotted with small villages surrounded by fields. We drop down to camp on a grassy area near the main Zanskar river, that like everything else in the valley,
is a bit bigger; wider and faster too, that we are accustomed to. By now it is apparent why we take our side route through Shade, and just what an amazing and adventurous route it is.
19 - trek Honara / Zanskar sightseeing 3600m
The crew will resupply, perhaps taking a jeep in to Padum, and we can trek or take a jeep to the next camp, the location of which will depend on our route choice ahead. If by jeep, then it is partly a rest day.
20 - trek Bear Valley camp 3980m
Assuming you are up for more adventure, following is a quick description of the "Bear Valley" route. However the first decision point about this route is the bears. In the past they have not been aggressive however in the last couple of years close to Dibling, they have acquired a taste for mules and cows, and so we will seek local advice as to what is best for our team.
The second is can we get through? This is an adventurous route that can be blocked, although we do aim for this route as a preference.
The alternative is the standard Zanskar trek, initially hot trekking to Nyete but as with everywhere here, the character of the land changes higher up, as ever the panoramas are gorgeous,
and even more so from the top of the Hanuma La 4710m, overlooking Lingshed. This area is justly famous trekking,
even if the coming road has changed the trekking character, but really has added to the convenience of the gompa and village.
As of 2015 the road head was still above Yelchung so still a day's walk from Lingshed and will probably stay that way for a couple more years. Once it reaches Lingshed, I am guessing it will become a major destination for the overnight tripper from Leh.
For Bear Valley we were camped in the main Zanskar Valley and now exit, which means a surprisingly steep climb,
but the distraction is the abundant Himalayan rose bushes and the remote feeling.
The climb may have been steep but the Namtse La at 4430m isn't too high, and our descent to camp is gentle and quick. This is what we call Bear Valley, for want of finding a better name, and have indeed seen bears here, and signs of them when we didn't actually run into them on the trail.
Our delightful "Bear Valley" campsite - Jamie
21 - trek Lankat camp
We camp at the last possible place before the pass so that tomorrow's distance is manageable. It is a rock hoodoo camp.
22 - Trek Nyerog / Nyeraks 3710m
A tough but rewarding day today. We ascend with the panoramas growing ever more grand, to the top of the Nerak La (Tarti La; 5000m) and to the breath-taking panoramas. We traverse and ascend to the surprisingly rarely visited yet delightful village of Nyerog.
Neraks, a wonderful camp - Jamie
23 - trek Yelchung 3900m / road head camp
Between us and the Sengge La is the mighty Zanskar River, and the descent is not too far down, crossing it on a seemingly flimsy bridge that has been there for decades - let's see if this bridge was the one that did survive, if it hasn't it will have been rebuilt.
The climb is another matter, steady and relatively steep until cresting a small pass to the last village we pass through.
Yulchung is still one of the best-kept secrets of the Lingshed area, a delightfully friendly and stunningly set village that few trekkers ever visit,
despite being only a little off one of the main trekking routes.
Having tea, Yelchung - Jamie
24 - drive Leh
Sadly our trekking has come to an end as we hop into our waiting jeeps for the approximately 6 hour drive back to Leh.
The first obstacle is the 4960m Sengge La, a once remote pass that has poisonous flowers over the other side. Poisonous to horses,
but hopefully not to our jeeps. The view from the top is as stunning as any, those colours and textures. Down the pass and over a
small bump comes perhaps what was the most photographed or certainly the most admired village view in the region, Photoksar.
Again, it was a dramatic photo of this village that surely inspired not just me but dozens of trekkers, years ago.
We are not done with the passes yet, the Sirsir La at 4805m comes next, and another majestic panorama that Jaroslav Poncar snapped,
providing inspiration years ago. Instead of taking days to discover these views we take hours, and in some way lessening the achievement;
luckily by trekking through Kargyak, Phuktal and Shun Shade we have explored on foot some other utterly memorable panoramas.
Depending on how the last section of the trek has worked out, we also have the option of visiting Lamayuru Gompa on the way back, let's see how the timing is.
Stakna Gompa, with this view we know we are getting close to Leh - Jamie
Day 25 - trip end
You are free to take the morning flight to Delhi or bus to Manali for the long way back, or just enjoy more time in this central Asian town of yore.